The U.S. government is already implementing policies based on the contributions of our sciences. The U.S. Department of Transportation has decreased automobile injuries and deaths by an average of 7% annually, reduced pedestrian-vehicle crashes by 69%, and lowered the number of total crashes by 29% using findings from the sciences of mind, brain, and behavior in policy and design decisions.
Automobile injuries and deaths have been reduced by an average of 7% annually with the required addition of the center high-mounted brake light on all autos and light trucks. Based on human factors expertise and research, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, developed and evaluated this additional safety light. 1
Pedestrian-vehicle crashes have been reduced by 69% and total crashes have been reduced by 29% with the implementation of high-intensity activated crosswalks. Using human factors expertise and research, the Federal Highway Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, developed these crosswalk modifications, improving pedestrian safety. 2
- Kahane CJ, Hertz E. The long-term effectiveness of center high mounted stop lamps in passenger cars and light trucks. In: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration FHRD, ed. Washington, DC. 1998.
- Fitzpatrick K, Chrysler ST, Van Houten R, Hunter WW, Turner S. Evaluation of pedestrian and bicycle engineering countermeasures: Rectangular rapid-flashing beacons, hawks, sharrows, crosswalk markings, and the development of an evaluation methods report. 2011.