News from FABBS and the FABBS Foundation
- FABBS Honors Art C. Graesser »
Dr. Art Graesser is a true scholar, teacher, and colleague. He is internationally known for his work across several disciplines within the behavioral and brain sciences. Indeed, he is a “renaissance man,” having conducted intensive research in several areas of cognitive and learning sciences including knowledge representation, discourse processing, inference generation, conversation, question asking and answering, emotion, human computer interaction, serious games, and intelligent tutoring systems.
- FABBS Honors Susan T. Fiske »
Susan T. Fiske (Harvard University PhD; honorary doctorates: Université catholique de Louvain-la-neuve, Universiteit Leiden, Universität Basel) investigates social cognition, especially cognitive stereotypes and emotional prejudices, at cultural, interpersonal, and neuro-scientific levels. Author of over 300 publications and winner of numerous scientific awards, she has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
- Setting Directions for Behavioral and Social Sciences Research at NIH »
OBSSR is creating a draft strategic plan that will guide its research priorities over the next 5-10 years. The draft describes three scientific priorities: Creating basic and applied research synergy by identifying promising basic behavioral and social sciences research with strong potential for applied translation relevant to health, and facilitating greater bidirectional communications between basic and applied behavioral and social sciences research to strengthen the basic to applied research pipeline; enhancing the methods, measures, and data infrastructure to encourage a more cumulative behavioral and social sciences; and facilitating the adoption of behavioral and social science research findings in health research and practice.
- NSF Research Flat-Funded by Senate Committee »
This year, while the U.S. House is bogged down in fights about the overall budget numbers, the Senate is taking the lead and moving bills through the Appropriations Committee. One early bill is the Commerce, Justice, Science (CJS) bill, which includes funding for the National Science Foundation.
- More than Words: The Cornerstone of Reading Comprehension »
Learning to read is one of the most fundamental, and yet most complex, tasks for young students. Despite many national initiatives to boost reading instruction, an alarming number of children still struggle: on a test sometimes called “the Nation’s Report Card,” (the National Assessment of Educational Progress or NAEP), almost half of fourth and eighth graders were rated as below proficient in reading in 2015. Part of the reason it’s so challenging to become proficient is that reading requires mastering and combining many different skills, from identifying and sounding out words to connecting those words with their meanings and then understanding the content of a text. Reading comprehension is often one of the missing pieces.
- Looking Beyond Treatment to Understand Relapse »
Treatment for problematic behaviors like drug and alcohol addiction, self-injury, and childhood aggression costs individuals and society millions of dollars a year. Well-designed treatments often work in the short term, but relapse is common. Understanding the reasons why is critical, because when people take up their old bad habits, it causes distress for patients, families, and community members.
- No Single Solution for Bullying »
Media reports of bullying and its consequences have become distressingly common, especially for parents of children and teens. A spate of high profile cases that ended in suicide or violence helped fuel a national movement for legislation to define and deal with bullying. All 50 states now have laws designed to prevent and address bullying in schools, but those laws vary widely and their impact isn’t clear. What is clear is that laws alone can’t stop bullying, because it’s a complex problem that requires multifaceted solutions, writes Amy Bellmore in a recent review of bullying research for Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Preventing bullying will require the active involvement of parents, young people, schools, and new media entities, her review of the research shows.
- John Haaga to Head NIA’s Behavioral and Social Research Division »
The National Institute on Aging (NIA) announced this week that John Haaga, Ph.D., will become the Director of the agency’s Division of Behavioral and Social Research. Haaga joined NIA in 2004, and has served as deputy director of the division and as Acting Director since April 2015.
- Come One, Come All: NIH Organizes Behavioral and Social Sciences Day »
The National Institutes of Health’s Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) is honoring one of its own in organizing Real Life, Labs, Research: The 9th Matilda White Riley Behavioral and Social Sciences Day. The one-day event celebrates the life of Dr. Matilda White Riley (1911-2004), a member of the National Academies of Science, an advocate for social and behavioral science approaches to health issues, and a former Associate Director for Behavioral and Social Research at the National Institute on Aging.
- Senate Committee Boosts NIH Funding by $2B »
For the second year in a row, NIH could see a $2 billion increase. Today, the Senate Appropriations Committee approved the Labor, Health and Human Services, Education appropriations bill for FY 2017, providing a boost for NIH to $34.1 billion.
- FABBS Honors Howard E. Egeth »
Howard E. Egeth is a professor in the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences at Johns Hopkins University, with joint appointments in Cognitive Science and Neuroscience. He is a cognitive psychologist whose main research interests are in the general area of attention and perception. Some of his early work focused on issues of parallel and serial processing of distinct objects in the visual field as well as of the perceptual features that compose visual objects. He is also well known for work on attentional selectivity and on the roles of top-down and bottom-up processes in the allocation of attention. In some recent work he has pointed to the role of ignoring as an active inhibitory process (and not simply the absence of attention); he has called this “the dark side of attention.”
- Capitol Hill Champions, Science Advocates Push Funding Requests »
The calendar for getting appropriations bills completed before the new fiscal year is tight. Yet, neither the House nor Senate have passed a budget resolution, as disagreements remain over the top-line funding level for the federal government in FY 2017. Although the budget remains in limbo, science advocates and Members of Congress who support research are making their requests known to appropriators.